The Construction of Free Trade Port with Chinese Characteristics and the Guarantee of Rule of Law

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Major reforms must be based on law. “The reform and the rule of law are like two wings of a bird and two wheels of a car.” “In the entire process of reform, we must attach great importance to the use of the rule of law and the rule of law, and give play to the leading and promoting role of the rule of law.” The rule of law can create a good business environment and market environment for the comprehensive deepening of reforms, and can provide normative guidelines and institutional guarantees for the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, in the process of gradually exploring and steadily advancing the construction of free trade port with Chinese characteristics in Hainan, we must attach great importance to the rule of law.

To give full play to the protection of the rule of law in the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, we must closely focus on the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s “4·13” important speech and the spirit of the Central Document No. 12, aiming at all aspects of the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics. Meticulously combing, conscientiously summarizing, and scientifically analyzing systemic obstacles and legislative requirements, and adopting effective methods.

At the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the Provincial Special Administrative Region of Hainan Province, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly announced that the Party Central Committee decided to support Hainan Island to build a free trade pilot zone and support Hainan to gradually explore and steadily promote the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, steps and points. At the stage of establishing a free trade port policy and institutional system. This is a major decision of the Party Central Committee focusing on the overall situation of international and domestic development, in-depth study, overall consideration, and scientific planning. It is a new measure for China’s comprehensive deepening of reforms and will help Hainan form a new pattern of higher-level reform and opening up. Major reforms must be based on law.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that “the reform and the rule of law are like two wings of a bird and two wheels of a car.” “In the entire process of reform, we must attach great importance to the use of the rule of law and the rule of law, and bring into play the role of guiding and promoting the rule of law.” Since the Party’s 18th National Congress, a distinctive feature of comprehensively deepening reforms has been to apply the rule of law throughout the entire reform process. The rule of law can create a good business environment and market environment for the comprehensive deepening of reforms, and can provide normative guidelines and institutional guarantees for the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, in the process of gradually exploring and steadily advancing the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics in Hainan, we must attach great importance to the rule of law.

Managing the country according to law is an important component of the “four comprehensive” strategy. It is an essential requirement and an important guarantee for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is an inevitable requirement for the modernization of the country’s governance system and governance capabilities. In the process of building a free trade port with Chinese characteristics in Hainan, the government attaches importance to the rule of law and emphasizes the standardization, guidance, and guarantee of the rule of law. It can promote the establishment of commodities, equity exchanges, and the protection of intellectual property rights, promote the reform of the economic system, and build modern Economic system; can deepen the system of decentralization and the establishment of foreign investment access negative list, improve government governance capabilities, create a good business environment; can relax yacht tourism control and improve tourism supervision and other systems, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of consumers, and promote international tourism The construction of consumption centers can strengthen the rights protection in the South China Sea and promote the process of regional cooperation, enhance the support capabilities, and serve the country’s major strategies; it can achieve vertical management of environmental protection and government procurement of green products, strengthen ecological environmental protection, and form a green production and lifestyle.

To give full play to the protection of the rule of law in the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, we must closely focus on the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s “4·13” important speech and the spirit of the Central Document No. 12, aiming at all aspects of the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics. Meticulously combing, conscientiously summarizing, and scientifically analyzing systemic obstacles and legislative requirements, and adopting effective methods. Among them, any regulation involving the adjustment of existing laws or administrative regulations must be carried out after unified authorization by the National People’s Congress or the State Council; where it is necessary to carry out the legislation of the Special Administrative Region and the local legislation, it shall make full use of the legislative power of the Special Administrative Region and the local legislative power, carry out scientific and democratic legislation, and establish To establish a legal system for free ports of trade with Chinese characteristics, and to accumulate legislative experience for the construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics.

Specifically, first of all, we should focus on the more open business environment and market environment, and through the methods authorized by the National People’s Congress or the State Council, the “Foreign Investment Enterprises Law of the People’s Republic of China” and “The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Sino-Foreign Joint Ventures” and “The People’s Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China The relevant provisions of the Law on Cooperative Enterprises and the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Investment Protection of Taiwanese People’s Republic of China shall be adjusted or suspended to cover such important matters as the establishment, division, merger, operation period, transfer, and termination of the above-mentioned enterprises that originally required administrative examination and approval. The examination and approval system was changed to record-based management; the development of race events such as horseracing and sports guessing sports lottery tickets and large-scale international competitions was approved and supported by the special authorization of the National People’s Congress; and investment in construction of free trade ports with Chinese characteristics was voted for. Financing facilitation, exchange facilitation, capital account convertibility, cross-border use of the renminbi, interest rate liberalization, and the reduction of foreign exchange management reforms require the support of “one line and two meetings” policy.

Second, we should make full use of the legislative power of the SAR and the local legislative power to constantly improve the standardized system of Hainan’s construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics. For example, we should actively and fully use the legislative power of the SAR to explore and formulate special laws and regulations on the registration of foreign-invested enterprises, record foreign-funded projects, and benchmark the highest international trade rules, improve negative lists and market access, clarify specific management measures, and explore and develop free trade zones. The relevant regulations for “cluster registration” of enterprises shall be strengthened during and after the event. For the legislative requirements of ecological environmental protection, such as the exploration of the natural resources asset rights system and the paid use system, the first-line pilot of forest management in national and provincial nature reserves, the purchase of key forest ecological forests, and new energy vehicles. The promotion of energy-saving and environmental-friendly vehicles, etc., can exert the role of local legislative power, thus realizing the two-way interaction between the legislative power of the SAR and the local legislative power in the construction of a free trade port standard system with Chinese characteristics.

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