“Giving a free trade pilot zone with greater reform autonomy and exploring the construction of a free trade port.”
Including Hainan, as of now, China has established 12 free trade zones, and a “high-standard free trade zone network facing the world” is gradually taking shape.
On April 13 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly announced that the Party Central Committee supported the Hainan Island to build a free trade pilot zone at the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the provincial economic zone in Hainan, supporting Hainan to gradually explore and steadily promote the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics.
Represented by Hong Kong, Singapore, Rotterdam, etc., the Free Trade Port is the world’s most open special economic function zone, often open to the region and the global open highland and trade hub. Promoting the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up and building a free trade port is the only way.
Heavy news landed, and the concept of “free trade port” warmed up. Shenzhen, Chengdu, Dalian, Qingdao and other places have many new trends. Then, to build a free trade port, who can preempt the “breaking problem”?
Rome was not built in one day, but Shenzhen seemed to rise overnight.
As the earliest special economic zone established in the history of China’s reform and opening up, in a few decades, Shenzhen has grown from a small fishing village with a population of only 30,000 to a modern metropolis with a population of over 10 million. The “Shenzhen Speed” is impressive. However, when the opening door is getting bigger and bigger, the advantages of Shenzhen’s previous SAR seem to be no longer obvious.
The Pilot Free Trade Zone is the frontier of reform and opening up, and as an “upgraded version”, the free trade port is a new open highland. The first free trade zone appeared in Shanghai, and the first free trade port was born in Hainan. Take the free trade zone, Shenzhen has caught up with the second batch (Guangdong Free Trade Zone Shenzhen Qianhai deep mouth area), then the Free Trade Port?
On June 20th, the new Shenzhen Government Gazette showed that “Several Opinions of the Shenzhen Municipal People’s Government on Promoting the Accelerated Development of Shenzhen Port” proposed that “shenzhen Port be built into a global hub for green wisdom and international shipping with Hong Kong Port” The development goal of the Center will use three years or so to promote green and intelligent ports, accelerate the gathering of shipping services, and initially establish a free trade port by the end of 2020.
Shenzhen Port is the third largest container port in the world. It is located in the southern part of the Pearl River Delta. It has eight port areas including Shekou, Chiwan, Mawan, Dongjiaotou, Yantian, Fuyong Airport, Shayuyong and Indu. As a foreign trade port, the development of international transit business is one of its important development directions, and customs clearance efficiency has become a core element of international transit business competition.
Therefore, in the establishment of a free trade port, the opinion proposes that, under the premise of effective prevention and control of risks, relying on informational supervision means, canceling or maximizing the control measures for goods trade in the port area, and implementing high standards in the eastern and western port areas. Open the “second-line safe and efficient management” trade supervision system, minimize the customs clearance procedures, study and expand the coverage of special supervision areas, and greatly enhance the port’s international competitiveness.
Building a free trade port, the eastern coastal areas undoubtedly have inherent advantages. However, the opening is not just “born to the sea”, the “Belt and Road” east wind, the central and western provinces are also gearing up.
The Sichuan Free Trade Zone proposes that it will benchmark the international economic and trade rules, explore the differential test path, and explore the construction of an inland free trade port.
What is “differentiation”?
Sichuan has a clear understanding of its own advantages: to explore inland free trade ports that are characterized by aviation and the advantages of “empty iron and water” multimodal transport, and to explore the construction of a number of inland and coastal areas along the riverside open demonstration zone.
Geographically, Sichuan is a strategic link connecting the Southwest and Yangtze River Economic Belts, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Economic Circle, and the Luhai Silk Road Junction. It is also a logistics hub for the Asia-Europe region and has a geographical advantage.
As the recognized fourth city of aviation, Chengdu is the first city in China to achieve a total of 2,000 trains in China and Europe. Chengdu must assume the responsibility of “main trunk”.
Previously, the office of the Chengdu High-tech Free Trade Experimental Zone Administration revealed that it is striving to make substantial progress in the work of the early 2018 and form a proposal for the construction of a free trade port.
At present, Chengdu has a preliminary direction: planning, further improving Tianfu International Airport and international airport new city planning for the function of the Free Trade Port; in terms of trade, it will simplify the first-line declaration procedures to achieve free entry and exit of goods, and greatly reduce the cost of entry and exit; In terms of exploring the formation of offshore financial services.
In April last year, Liaoning and Sichuan entered the “Fangfang” of the Free Trade Zone. Liaoning is also very active in the “competition battle” of the Free Trade Port.
Recently, the “Basic Law” of the Liaoning Free Trade Zone – “China (Liaoning) Free Trade Zone Regulations (Draft)” was submitted to the Liaoning Provincial People’s Congress for deliberation. Among them, it is clearly stated that it will strengthen cooperation with the national free trade parks and ports along the “Belt and Road” to support Dalian in exploring and building a free trade port.
As the only free trade zone in the Northeast, Liaoning is responsible for building a Northeast revitalization engine and opening up a new highland for Northeast Asia. The Dalian area is also the “leading” of the Liaoning Free Trade Zone. In the first half of this year, there were 3,715 new registered enterprises in Dalian, and 46 new foreign-invested enterprises, almost supporting the “half of the country” in the Liaoning Free Trade Zone.
Dalian is at the core of the Northeast Asian economic circle, with specialized large-scale terminals such as automobiles, containers, oil products, ore and grain. It can be described as “outstanding” in the Northeast.
In recent years, the old industrial bases in Northeast China have faced tremendous economic downward pressure. In 2016, Liaoning’s GDP growth rate was -2.5%, which was the bottom of the country. In 2017, Liaoning’s GDP growth rate rose to 4.2%, and the warming trend was obvious. This undoubtedly has the pulling effect brought by the free trade zone.
Li Hanguo, deputy director of the Dalian Area of the Liaoning Free Trade Zone, said earlier that Dalian is actively carrying out the bidding for the Free Trade Port. By learning from the overall plan and deployment of the Shanghai Free Trade Port construction, we will comprehensively benchmark the international advanced free trade port construction experience and actively explore the system in management, trade, investment, finance, shipping and other services. We will deepen the reform of the trade supervision system of “first-line liberalization, second-line efficient and safe management”, promote the development and construction of “single platform” for integrated regional information management services, and explore the construction of “quasi-free trade ports”.
Last month, Qingdao just enjoyed a high-profile treatment.
As the first summit held after the expansion of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, it was also the venue for China’s second major home diplomatic event this year. Qingdao has been on fire for many days.
Why choose Qingdao, the following is one of the standard answers:
Qingdao is the only land and sea “double positioning” city in the “Belt and Road” initiative: it is not only the main node city of the New Asia-Europe Continental Bridge Economic Corridor, but also the fulcrum of the Maritime Silk Road.
For this reason, Qingdao has more room to play in the country’s opening up and foreign trade, such as the construction of a free trade port.
At the end of June, Qingdao Mayor Meng Fanli mentioned in an interview with local media that Qingdao will actively integrate into the national opening up and actively strive for pilot projects in countries such as the Free Trade Port.
This is not the first time Qingdao has mentioned the Free Trade Port. In January this year, after the State Council officially approved the “General Plan for the Construction of the New and Old Kinetic Energy Conversion Pilot Area in Shandong”, the Shandong Provincial Government clearly stated in the implementation plan of the implementation plan that it should fully learn from the experience of the pilot reform of the free trade zone and support Qingdao to actively create conditions and explore Building a free trade port.
However, at present, Qingdao Construction Free Trade Port seems to be still in the concept stage, and further measures have not yet been announced.